The country we considered to be on the South Sea, which we had ever understood to be richer than the one of the North. We came in sight on Tuesday, the twelfth day of April, and sailed along the coast. Because he knows they are close, he and one of his party along with eleven of his Native American followers go to find them. It was necessary for us to remove all of our clothing for this, and we endured great difficulty to cast it out on the water, because we were such that other, much lighter things sufficed to put us in it. They told us also if we wished to see those three Christians, two days from that time the Indians who had them would come to eat walnuts a league from there on the margin of that river; and that we might know what they told us of the ill usage to be true, they slapped my companion and beat him with a stick, and I was not left without my portion.
In which is told when the Armada sailed, and of the officers and persons who went in it. On the twenty-second day of the month of September we had eaten up all the horses but one. When we got across, there came to- wards us some two hundred Indians, more or less; the Governor went to meet them, and after he talked to them by signs they acted in such a manner that we were obliged to set upon them and seize five or six, who took us to their houses, about half a league from there, where we found a large quan- tity of corn ready for harvest. Cabeza de Vaca believed that his peaceful ascendancy over the Indians of North America was. After walking five days in great hunger, since on the way was no manner of fruit, we came to a river and put up our houses. These Indians told us that further on there were others called Camones, who live nearer the coast, and that they were those who killed all the people that came in the barge of Penalosa and Tellez.
Without them being aware, we left to others who were staying further ahead, called Maliacones. Upon asking these whence it had come, they claimed to have brought it from the north, where there was much of it and highly prized. All of these people are archers and well-built, although not as large as those who we left behind. After striking with fists, beating with sticks and bruising heads in great anger, each took his lodge and went his way, whence it became necessary that the Christians should also separate, and in no way could we come together until another year. The Christians, in view of the season, because it was the month of November, stopped to stay in these woods, because they found water, firewood, some crawfish, and seafood, yet they began to die little by little of cold and hunger. The colour of the hide is of the colour of a great Goat-skin, and the haire is a finger thicke. Mann, 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created 2011 I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program.
As it was out of our way, we did not wish to go to them, and took our course along the plain near the mountains, which we believed not to be distant from the coast where the people are all evil disposed, and we considered it preferable to travel inland; for those of the interior are of a better condition and treated us mildly, and we felt sure that we should find it more populous and better provisioned. This action alone speaks volumes about the. They told me that they had until then been going about very hungry, and this was the reason that they had not searched for me. Two hours after dark, he said to me that I must take charge of her as he was in such condition he believed he should die that night. In 2018, I decided to publish my translation.
By way of exchange, they gave him fish and some pieces of venison. We found their corpses traversed from side to side with arrows; and for all some had on good armor, it did not give adequate protection or security against the nice and powerful archery of which I have spoken. We inquired of the cacique we kept and the natives we brought with us, who were the neighbors and enemies of these Indians, as to the nature of the country, the character and condition of the inhabitants, of the food and all other matters concerning it. They also stated that many times they offered him victuals, but that he never ate: they asked him whence he came and where was his abiding place, and he showed them a fissure in the earth and said that his house was there below. For the good treatment that they gave us, and because they gave us that which they had, gladly and of free will, and they were content with being left without anything to eat from giving it to us, we stayed with them several days.
I have already told how we went about naked through all of this land. So great was the importunity for this privilege, we consumed three hours in going through with them that they might depart. One of them was Alvaro Fernandez, a Portuguese sailor and carpenter, the second was named Mendez, the third Figueroa, who was a native of Toledo, and the fourth Astudillo, a native of Çafra. He continues to not sleep with her for two years after the child's birth. I told him that he should regroup with the other boat that was ahead, and in no way leave it, and we would follow, all three boats together, the way God willed to carry us.
August 4, 1528 Work on building the boats begins. At the termination of the twenty-five days after our arrival we departed, and on the first day got through those lakes and passages without seeing any one, and on the second day we came to a lake difficult of crossing, the water reaching to the paps, and in it were numerous logs. The Governor leaves the ships. We called them and they approached in great fear. These were the persons I have named before: Diego Dorantes, Valdivieso, and Diego de Huelva: and the three that remained looked forward to the same fate.
Of the small hides the Indians make blankets to cover themselves with, and of the taller ones they make shoes and targets. Before we embarked there died more than forty men of disease and hunger, without enumerating those destroyed by the Indians. He kept hold of the reins, and so he and the horse drowned. Each one was twenty-two cubits long. Some are brown, and others black. They implored us to remember them and pray to God that they would always be well. They kill their male children, and buy those of strangers.
Esquivel told him that the comptroller and the friars had upset their boat at the confluence of the rivers, and that the boat of the Governor, moving along the coast, came with its people to land. Thence we pro- ceeded, together with several Indians, to an inlet one league wide, very deep everywhere and which seemed to us, from what we saw, to be the one called of the Holy Ghost. When the six months were over, I had to spend with the Christians to put in execution the plan we had concerted, the Indians went after prickly pears, the place at which they grew being thirty leagues off; and when we approached the point of flight, those among whom we were, quarrelled about a woman. Still, this is conjectural and requires special investigation, which does not enter into the scope of these notes. Document Note The narrative of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca is the first European book devoted completely to North America. The night long they passed in singing and dancing among themselves; and the next day they brought us all the people of the town, that we should touch and bless them in the way we had done to others among whom we had been. We gave many thanks to God for seeing we were so close to it, believing that what those of the other country had told us was true: that there the great hardships we had endured would be finished, for our road had been long and bad, and we had endured great hunger.
Desiring to leave the next day, the inhabitants all wished to take us to others, friends of theirs, who were at the point of the ridge, stating that many houses were there, and people who would give us various things. I wished to take some of the men with me for company; but they said the weather was too rainy and cold, and the town too far off; that to-morrow, which was Sunday, they would come, with God's help, and hear mass. So the next day they took me along. . Gourd - calabaza Calabaza is the Spanish name for the genus Cucurbita, which includes gourds, pumpkins, squash, and zucchini. The reason for staying so long was so I could take a Christian who was on the island with me, called Lope de Oviedo. We navigated nevertheless for two days, struggling to reach land.