Captain Preston was then standing by the soldiers, when a snow ball struck a grenadier, who immediately fired, Captain Preston standing close by him. John Adams was in his element! I came by my knowledge of the Captain partly by seeing him lead the Fortification Guard Nathaniel Fosdick Hearing the Bells ring for fire I supposed I went out and came down by the Main Guard. Was told there was no fire but something better, there was going to be a fight. Captain Preston had his doubts that a fair trial was possible. However, on March 5, 1770, both colonists and British troops were belligerent and confrontational, daring the troops to fire.
I am pretty positive the Capt. Preston hearing these things was knowledgeable and knew that any little spark within the colonist would cause a massive explosion. The trial of the soldiers began in December. He denied telling them to fire. More colonists then arrived on the scene. Ask students to remember as many details about the Massacre as they can from the site. But the party of the townspeople in order to carry matters to the utmost length, broke into two meeting houses and rang the alarm bells, which I supposed was for fire as usual, but was soon undeceived.
I was going off to the west of the soldiers and heard the guns fire and saw the dead carried off. Then I heard someone order fire. There have been many different stances on the argument but the fact of the matter is that the British officer in command did not give the order to fire into the crowd. Were any of the witnesses close enough to give an accurate description of what they saw or heard? The man hit one of the soldiers on the back and cursed at him to fire. The Captain had a Sword in his hand.
They then asked me if I intended to order the men to fire. Just like with any confusing public event, a number of disparate accounts were given about the actual chain of events. The teacher should record the facts on the board as they are announced by the students so that they are visible to the entire class. After a brief, heated exchange of words, the sentry struck Garrick with his musket, knocking him down. On Monday night about 8 o'clock two soldiers were attacked and beat.
Soon after, the guard drums beat to arms. I turned round and saw a Grenadier who stood on the Captain's right swing his Gun and fire. Robert Treat Paine summed the crown's case. I went to the west end of the Town House where were a number of people. They were daring them to fire. When the smoke had cleared, five citizens of the mob were dead, including Crispus Attucks. I had in my hand a highland broad Sword which I brought from home.
Five civilians lay dying in the streets; another half dozen lay injured. The major controversy debated is whether or not the British officer on duty at the time gave the order to fire on the crowd or not. I said to the sentry Capt. Hoping to show Britain the impartiality of colonial courts, patriot leaders and Josiah Quincy volunteered to defend Captain Preston and his soldiers. The lieutenant-governor and Colonel Carr soon after met at the head of the 29th regiment and agreed that the regiment should retire to their barracks, and the people to their houses, but I kept the picket to strengthen the guard. I called for the Officer. It is not certain that Paul Revere was present during the fatal accident, even though his engraved depiction of the event was used as the evidence in the B.
This piece ignores any build-up to the incident and fails to inform any wrongdoings of the colonists on the date of the Boston Massacre. The 14th regiment also got under arms but remained at their barracks. Palmes was close enough to touch Preston. On which I desired him to return for further intelligence, and he soon came back and assured me he heard the mobb declare they would murder him. Another extension would be to have students create a website on the American Revolution and use the class definition as a page in the site.
The Massacre started when young wigmaker's apprentice named Edward Gerrish called out to a British officer on duty, Captain Lieutenant John Goldfinch, that he had not paid his master's bill. After presenting over forty witnesses, for the defense. The one testified he was within two feet of me; the other that I swore at the men for not firing at the first word. The political events leading up to the Boston Massacre started with unfair taxes. The man fired directly on the word and clap on the Shoulder. He had on a red Coat, yellow Jacket and Silver laced hat, no trimming on his Coat. In my way there I saw the people in great commotion, and heard them use the most cruel and horrid threats against the troops.
I know him to be the Man I took to be the Officer. He was not an officer. I tossed my Stick in his face. He then stood within the circle. On which I judged it unsafe to remain there any longer, and therefore sent the party and sentry to the main guard, where the street is narrow and short, there telling them off into street firings, divided and planted them at each end of the street to secure their rear, momently expecting an attack, as there was a constant cry of the inhabitants to arms, to arms, turn out with your guns; and the town drums beating to arms, I ordered my drums to beat to arms, and being soon after joined by the different companies of the 29th regiment, I formed them as the guard into street firings. I thought, after the first Gun, the Capt. I heard the People cry damn your bloods fire on.
I immediately sent a non-commissioned officer and 12 sic men to protect both the sentry and the king's money, and very soon followed myself to prevent, if possible, all disorder, fearing lest the officer and soldiers, by the insults and provocations of the rioters, should be thrown off their guard and commit some rash act. In general such disputes have been kept too secret from the offi- cers. After the troops had stop firing, Captain Preston noticed a Boston citizen walking directly up to soldiers. At this time I was between the soldiers and the mob, parleying with, and endeavouring all in my power to persuade them to retire peaceably, but to no purpose. They drew up and charged their Bayonets. While I was thus speaking, one of the soldiers having received a severe blow with a stick, stepped a little on one side and instantly fired, on which turning to and asking him why he fired without orders, I was struck with a club on my arm, which for some time deprived me of the use of it, which blow had it been placed on my head, most probably would have destroyed me. The muzzles of the Guns were behind him.