Dolphus Raymond comes around the tree to speak to Jem and Scout about how bad Black people were treated in the South. After it being pointed out that they were in the balcony with the Negros, he discovers that they had been present for the whole trial. . Atticus explained that this was a clear lie and that there were good and bad people of every race. The children eat in a hurry and, when they return to the courthouse, the jury is still deliberating. Raymond, he seems optimistic about Maycomb, encouraging them to use their good judgment and see past skin color. However, this chapter also paves the way for the rest of the story and how the children relate to others as they move toward their own adulthood.
Scout finally found her voice and ask how Dill got there. An Unusual Deception Seeing that Dill has an upset stomach, a wealthy man named Dolphus Raymond offers the boy something to drink. When Dill and Scout got back to their seats they noticed that everything was almost done. In this town, the rules of society are clearly set. As Atticus leaves, everyone in the balcony-the African American section-stands up in a gesture of respect for Atticus.
But Dill takes a sip anyway, explaining afterward that it is just Coca-Cola. Scout and Dill thanked Mr. That is not always a good thing, of course, because it can be hard for a person to see the value of growth and change. Raymond has been drinking something out of a paper sack, and he offers some to Dill. Their attempts culminate in a dare to Jem, which he grudgingly takes. In chapter 23, Atticus is largely unconcerned about the actions of Bob Ewell, though Aunt Alexandra is concerned.
Gilmer, the prosecutor, questions Heck Tate. This maturity is foreshadowed by Jem's broken arm and the fact that the story is told in retrospect. Analysis This chapter sets the tone and basis for everything else that happens in the novel. The two of them then have a long conversation about the different types of people in the world, and they wonder why people just can't get along. Many people come to Maycomb from other towns and cities throughout the county.
Raymond was revealing all of these things to them. Scout asked Jem what they missed and Jem explained that Atticus was going over the evidence and he thought they were going to win by a landslide because Atticus had explained things so well. Dill made up this long elaborate story about how he crossed the country on foot and was tied in chains etc. After Dill's stomach improves the children head back into the court for final arguments. They wait longer than they should, though, and that means that they do not have anywhere to sit. After all, it took the jury several hours to deliberate on the case, showing that they had to really think things through before convicting Tom Robinson. Suddenly, Atticus did something that Jem and Scout had never seen him do.
His strange habit of making himself appear to be a drunk once again points to the narrow-mindedness of the community. She appeared to have been beaten, and she said that she had been raped by Tom Robinson. Tate recalls how Bob Ewell urged him to go to his house, and said that Mayella was raped. The sun was setting and Scout realized that they were missing the trial. To Jem and Scout it was almost as if Atticus was naked because he always had every button buttoned and every article of clothing in order.
However, he also seems to be an example of someone else who has lost his innocence through the hatred of the world; he is a good man with undiscriminating views, and yet he speaks quite cynically of their town. Sheriff Tate went to the Ewell house and observed that Mayella was bruised. If people don't fit into certain boxes, then they simply can't be understood by the community. Raymond because he was a town outcast for hanging out around black people. Atticus cross-examines Tate, who says that there was no doctor summoned to examine. Atticus talks conversationally to the jury, telling them that the prosecution lacks substantial evidence. The first example of Dill as conscience comes when he and Jem disagree about the method for making a turtle come out of its shell.
Scout shut out the light and as she walked to her bed she stepped on something unusual and whatever it was moved. Novels that deal with the formation of a maturing character are called bildungsroman or coming-of-age stories. Raymond's presence in this section is, of course, significant. The next day, Jem and Scout go over to Miss Maudie's house. Scout knew the moment the Jury walked into the court room because none of them looked at the defendant when they entered. Meanwhile, the black community rallies around Atticus, showing their support by sending seemingly endless amounts of food to his home. Tom is not guilty, Atticus explains; Mayella is: 'she kissed a black man.
Now he is offering this bag to Dill, who has gotten sick after watching the prosecutor Mr. Scout scooted over and Scout asked him why he ran away. In Chapter 20 of Harper Lee's ''To Kill a Mockingbird'', Scout Finch learns the extent to which adults tell lies. Raymond explains that he isn't a drunk after all, though many people think he is. Atticus pointed out to the jury the terrible mannerisms of the Ewells and how they were clearly people who would be willing to lie. The Reverend from Calpurnia's church lets them into the balcony where black people have to sit in order to be allowed to see the trial.