The topic sentence is underlined, to show the pivot point in the paragraph. It took time to make a lump of clay look like a good cow. You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information. All the life of the stream was stilled. Bad: The Civil War had lasting effects on the American South. Although topic sentences vary in structure and content from person to person, at least two things can be assumed about your paper: 1 that you have a title and entire paper to introduce a topic, and 2 your personal information is present somewhere on your essay. This can be a physical or emotional description.
These sentences might not get your message across with absolute clarity. Scatter your points while writing the whole paragraph. Remember that topic sentences set the tone for the paragraph and should relate back to the thesis or the main idea of the paper. Kolin, Successful Writing at Work, 9th ed. A topic sentence is considered to be the most important part of a sentence. It's tempting to think that we are simply equating romance with pleasure, with the superior comfort of a train, especially seated up high in the observation cars. Is one idea really your best one? Here is an example of a topic sentence with a controlling idea that guides the support for the paragraph: Running provides many healthful benefits.
What does she do with these social conventions, and how does she respond to them? A paragraph may begin something like this: Kubler and Kessler have identified 5 stages of grief — denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. You may write a sentence that serves as the topic sentence for several related paragraphs. Compared to many animals, our own senses are almost dull. Exercise 4 Identify the topic sentence, supporting sentences, and concluding sentence in the following paragraph. The topic sentence is a sentence that is used at the beginning of a paragraph to tell the reader what it is that you are going to be talking about in that paragraph.
Example: Childhood obesity is a growing problem in the United States. Topic sentences often begin with such transitional clauses referring to the previous paragraph. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact. Including interesting or surprising facts within the topic sentence can spark readers' interest, as can unusual grammatical structure, such as framing the topic sentence into a rhetorical question. Example: These statistics indicate that unless we take action, childhood obesity rates will continue to rise.
A coherent paragraph also highlights the ties between old information and new information to make the structure of ideas or arguments clear to the reader. Such inconsistencies can also confuse your reader and make your argument more difficult to follow. Transitions A strong paragraph moves seamlessly from the topic sentence into the supporting sentences and on to the concluding sentence. The reader also knows what to expect when you use this kind of statement. First, it helps you, the author, to stay focused. Other transition words that show order include third, also, and furthermore.
I've seen a lot of changes in the 20 plus years I've been teaching, yet the concern my students have about the way they and their peers have been influenced by media remains the same. Here's an example of how one professional writer does this: Soon after the spraying had ended there were unmistakable signs that all was not well. With this topic sentence, you have successfully made a valid point that is supported by facts and information gathered from your research. Even a loose, idea-based outline can help you know what you want to discuss. Are you fairly confident that you know what the rest of the article is about? It must be arguable rather than a statement of fact. As you may recall from seventh grade grammar, a topic sentence tells readers what to expect from a paragraph. Topic sentences are particularly useful for writers who have difficulty developing focused, unified paragraphs i.
See in the Download Zone. If the topic sentence is too specific for example, Webster's New World Dictionary has more than 40,000 words. The appalling lack of resources provided to the military is outrageous and requires our immediate attention. The topic sentence should relate to your points and tell the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be. Sentence 3 further develops the topic by stating one point of view: Many citizens argue that serious criminals should be executed. In simple terms, the speaker is likely to discuss the extreme ordeals that come when one explores a shipwreck.
Now this is what you call a bad topic sentence. The paragraph is about a specific incident that involved firefighters; therefore, this topic sentence is too general. Be Emphatic Within persuasive paragraphs, effective topic sentences strongly indicate the writer's position. Topic sentences also need to relate back to the of the essay. Before the spraying there had been a rich assortment of the water life that forms the food of salmon and trout caddis fly larvae, living in loosely fitting protective cases of leaves, stems or gravel cemented together with saliva, stonefly nymphs clinging to rocks in the swirling currents, and the wormlike larvae of blackflies edging the stones under riffles or where the stream spills over steeply slanting rocks. Examples of Topic Sentences Every topic sentence will have a topic and a controlling idea. Beginning the paragraph with someone else's words doesn't allow you to provide this information for the reader.