But everybody knows life isn't worth living. Meursault is placed in an indifferent world, a world that embraces absurdity and persecutes reason; such is the nature of existentialist belief, that rationalization and logic are ultimately the essence of humanity, and that societal premonitions and an irrelevant status quo serve only to perpetuate a false sense of truth. The chaplain had his empty prayers but Meursault was sure of himself; his life and his death. The main theme of the novel is that the significance of human life is only understood at the point of death. This strongly connects weakness to love and marriage.
Meursault realizes this from the beginning and it shows through him throughout the novel. Rejecting any consideration of being thoughtful towards any potential meaning is an obvious point being made in Camus' attempt to convey this perspective of existentialism throughout the novel. Instead of being mournful and depressed, Mersault drinks coffee and smokes in a relaxed manner. There is no purpose, no value, and no meaning to the world with a God. For example Meursault rejects the Chaplain and therefore religion when he comes to visit him as he refuses to believe there is a higher power. Chapter 1 Meursault takes more interest in the scenery than the preceedings of his own mother's funeral.
This tension between Meursault's sense of life's meaninglessness and other characters' persistent efforts to impose structures of meaning demonstrates the main tenet of Camus' own philosophy of Absurdism. His insensitivity is introduced through the emotions, or lack thereof, that he displays upon news of the death of Maman. As opposed to the multitude of books and manifestos approaching existentialism from an academic perspective, The Stranger approaches the philosophy by detailing a character with the belief innately in him and showing how someone like this might behave. At the beginning of the book he is an almost completely indifferent character. Mersault shoots the Arab because of his discomfort with his surroundings, but in any situation he consciously makes the choice of murdering the Arab.
So most of this module talks a good deal about Absurdism. But what made this theory come about in the 19th century when it could have been realized centuries before? This works to develop Meursault's philosophy that is grounded in the objective, physical world. He obviously managed to adapt this idea into his writing since Sartre soon picked up on the traces of existentialism in The Stranger and established his own theory of relation between this novel and existentialism. It is a philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Some of the social institutions that are shown in this novel are marriage, time, and the idea of a group of people forming a society altogether.
Some ideas in The Stranger clearly resemble this working definition of existentialism, but the broader philosophy of existentialism includes aspects far beyond this definition that are not present in The Stranger. The title could also imply that he is simply a stranger to experiencing emotion and expressing feeling: that he is detached from himself and doesn't know what it means to be a human. Thus, the Shaper plays an integral role in the development of Existentialism within the novel. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. He rejects both religious and secular efforts to find meaning. We create our own morality with our choices.
Here are some ideas related to the absurd and what Camus and Kierkegaard considered solutions to the meaninglessness of life in which the absurd revels: 1. Meursault walks through life largely unaware of the effect of his actions on others. This philosophy does exist in the. Furthermore, In the absurdist novel about how young man devoid of empathy is sentenced to death after having shot a man and his philosophical transformation, the Stranger by Albert Camus, the author uses religion, hope and, choice, in the final moments of the book to illustrate absurdist and existentialist ideals… The idea of a trial is for a victim to get justice and for a criminal to be punished for his or her crime. This is only exemplified as he answers the same way when she queries him on his love for her. The humanity of the victim and inhumanity of murdering another human being is seemingly beside the point.
He does not cry or behave the way that society expects him to. Context Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in French colonial Algeria. Contrary to Essence we have accidentals, which represent the superficial, alterable aspects of the subject. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. This only occurs at the very end of the novel when Meursault is in prison. Existentialists take responsible for their actions and accept the consequence that comes with their choices.
In part one, Mersault is oblivious to the absurd that Camus has fabricated, but nevertheless Mersault is affected by the absurd. Perhaps it is a way for him to redeem himself. Meursault is already aware of the fact that no matter what choices he makes, he is still going to end up with the same outcome. Why is Sisyphus an absurd hero? From the various works read this year, existentialism was found. They do not believe in any sort of ultimate power and focus much of their attention on concepts such as dread, boredom, freedom and nothingness.
Camus uses a wide variety of literary features such as visual imagery and metaphors to portray the tensions. But were their two speeches so different after all? The philosophical term, Existentialism, came from Jean Paul Sartre, a French philosopher. It did not matter that he was being killed and the chaplain living another day, for he had lived his life and taken hold of his fate; therefore was certain as to what would come. Society had declared Meursault absurd because of his unrelenting uniqueness and through this, the title of the book may be derived. Later on, Marie inquires as to whether Meursault would be interested in marrying her.