The Board of Directors, the Bank's top decision making body, consists of the Governor and the Deputy Governor, who are appointed by the President for a period of five years they shall not hold office for more than two terms , one representative each for the Governments Principal Secretaries to the respective Ministries of Finance , and six other Directors. It is obvious that the bank has advanced money to the businessman for the period of the currency of the bill. Withdrawals are permitted only after the expiry of certain period. In the case of failure, , protects depositors and sees that the bank's assets end up in the hands of a more successful bank. It is like this, a businessman buys goods and is granted credit, say, for a month.
Clearing of cheques through Cheque Truncation System, where electronic image of physical form of cheques are transferred and payment settled. While bank loans are often the only source of outside financing for many small and medium-sized enterprises, a substantial proportion of the capital raised by larger companies comes from the issuing of securities. When a loan is given a bank may credit the amount to the deposit account of the debtor and empower the debtor to draw cheques on it. It is an official reservoir of gold and foreign currencies. If the seller goes on selling goods on this basis, he will soon find that all his stock is gone and he has got only these hundies in his cash box. Conditions laid down by the bank for discounting of bill are as follows: a. Recurring Deposits This type of account is operated by salaried persons and petty traders.
Commercial banks' most important role in an economy is probably lending money to investors for purchase of capital goods that help grow the economy. It can be given to current account holders as well as to others who do not have an account with bank. . The banks collect checks and bills of exchange on the behalf of their customers through clearing house facilities provided by the central bank. Since banks have to keep the deposited amount of such accounts in cash always, they carry either no interest or very low rate of interest. They act as representatives of clients to deal with other banks and institutions. The following are the modern functions of a commercial bank: 1.
Concerning day-to-day monetary policy operations, the Bank of Tanzania is autonomous. Receiving Deposits: This is the main function of commercial banks to collect savings of individuals and firms. The saving account carries lower rate of interest. These are known as bank of bankers. It keeps the stock of gold of the government.
This is done mainly with a view to recover the loan money by selling the security in the event of non-refund of the loan. For example, the banks were criticised for not stopping to recommend Swissair bonds to investors long before the crisis broke, but at the same time they were pilloried for failing to grant far more credit to Swissair during the crisis. They can be rediscounted with the central bank, if necessary. This function was taken up rapidly after about 1890 by trust companies3 organized under state laws, and after 1918 as a result of an act of Congress by many national banks. Current Deposits This type of account is operated by businessmen. They charge nominal Interest and discount only reputed and clear bills of exchange.
These deposits are generally done by salaried people and the people who have fixed and less income. This account can be opened individually or as a joint account. As public has full faith in the creditworthiness of banks, public do not hesitate in buying the securities underwritten by banks. Sometimes there are also restrictions as to the total amount that can be withdrawn at one time and the total amount that can be placed in one deposit. The name refers to the core activity they perform: take savings from one customer and make loans to another. In order to keep Government borrowing from the Central Bank within reasonable limits, borrowing benchmarks have been established for the Governments on the basis of revenue collected.
Within such contracts, banks generally undertake to provide specific products or services. The organizing group then sends its plan, along with information on the board and management, to regulators who review it and decide if the bank can be granted a charter. This being the case, credits have to be subject to a selection process. Locker Facility The bank provides a locker facility for the safe custody of valuable documents, gold ornaments and other valuables. It controls and regulates the money market of the country. A bank can, within certain limits, create deposits without making any specific appropriation of cash for the loan. A bank's activities in all its divisions can basically be simplified as follows: it transfers money and information, and in doing so transforms money, maturities and risks.
If possible can you provide the exact difference between cash credit and overdraft? But he takes them to the bank and gets the present worth of the hundies, leaving the bank to realise them when the date of payment comes. In some countries, the amount of gold and foreign securities bears a fixed proportion, between 25 to 40 per cent of the total notes issued. Excessive inflation is also an impediment for achieving interest and exchange rate stability, which is very important for facilitating smooth economic development. On the other side of the balance sheet, a bank guarantees its creditors the nominal value of their deposits plus interest due, irrespective of the profit or otherwise made in lending transactions. Lesson Summary Commercial banks are an important part of a modern economy. These deposits are the part of money supply as they are used as a means for the payment of goods and services as well as debts.