The Houyhnhnms embody the ideal of the rationalists and stoics; the Yahoos illustrate the damning abstraction of sinful and depraved Man; and Pedro de Mendez represents virtue possible to Man. Tories favored royal authority and the national church Anglicanism. Swift, however, takes his descriptions from the sermons and theological tracts of his predecessors and contemporaries. There was a fellow with a wen in his neck, larger than five woolpacks, and another with a couple of wooden legs, each about twenty foot high. Because this area is actually occupied by Australia, and on the basis of other textual evidence, some have concluded that Swift intended to place Lilliput in the Pacific Ocean, to the northeast, not northwest, of Van Diemen's Land. His readers were eager to identify the various characters and discuss their discoveries, and, as a result, many of them saw politics and politicians from a new perspective. The way this book is written suggests some of the political themes from that time period, including the well-known satire.
For example, treating fraud as a worse crime than theft and making false testimony a capital crime seem to be reasonable as the whole society depends on trust. Writing during the Enlightenment period, both had exploitations of governments and knew concepts of human reason. Both tradition and common sense tell humankind that murder, whoring, and drunkenness, for example, are immoral. However, this reason seems to be ridiculous because there cannot be right or wrong form of breaking an eggshell. Swift intended his novel to be used as a scapegoat in which he would reveal his opinion on the English society. Swift is also a name-caller.
These themes are displayed throughout Gulliver's Travels, and even sometimes reflect upon today's society. They attacked revealed religion, saying that if reason can support the God described by the Bible, it may also conclude that God is quite different from the biblical God. Swift uses the technique of making abstractions concrete to show us that super-reasonable horses are impossible and useless models for humans. Nor does he point out the similarities between what he sees and what happens in England. Gulliver could easily take control and break the contract, but he chooses to be peaceful. Lilliput and Blefuscu are island nations that appear in the first part of Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. And Gulliver's Travels is one of the granddaddies of this genre: Swift takes regular topics like politics, international relations, math and science, and even old age and twists them.
But despite this fact, Gulliver seems to be afraid of the Lilliputians arrows and he condescends to be held prisoner. Jonathan Swift is widely thought to be misanthropic. Their outward garments were adorned with the figures of suns, moons, and , interwoven with those of fiddles, flutes, harps, trumpets, guitars, harpsichords, and many more instruments of music, unknown to us in. In each bladder was a small quantity of dried pease or little pebbles as I was afterward informed. So, again, despite being funny and exaggerated at first sight, these traditions contain some grain of reasonableness if we think about them: anyone who treats his benefactor badly must be a public enemy, that is why ingratitude is punished by death; children must be raised by the whole community because parents think only about their own interests when bringing up babies, so the best citizens can be reared only in public nurseries; there are no beggars at all, since the poor are well looked after. These virtues are the result of grace and redemption. The Lilliputians are the embodiment of England of the time period.
A satire is a generally funny fictional work that uses sarcasm and irony to poke fun at the general patheticness of humanity — our weakness, our stupidity, all that jazz. And not only did the educated buy and read the book — so also did the largely uneducated. Probably here Swift makes an allusion to the policy of England in relation to the countries it was colonizing: though it is more powerful, it condescends not to destroy their native identity. Brobdingnagians are described as giants who are as tall as a church steeple and whose stride is ten yards. There, Swift took the side of the Ancients, but he showed their views to be ultimately as distorted as those of their adversaries, the Moderns. The building where Gulliver stayed during his stay in Lilliput is perhaps the Westminster Hall where Charles I was executed. And finally the Prince of Wales, the future , was thought in 1726 to favor the Tories to a certain extent.
Gulliver was an ordinary man compared to the amoral political midgets in Lilliput. In chapter three of Book I, Swift describes some of the activities of the Imperial Court. In the concluding book, he gives us a hopeless picture of mankind but in the first two books, his satire is more genial and comic. In where Swift depicts the total political corruption beginning from 16th century and ending with 18th century. It is easy to notice satire on British government in many cases.
The high heels represent Tories, the low heels Whigs. Everybody read it, and now here we all are, ready to get to the nitty gritty of Lemuel Gulliver and his travels. He speaks of the numerous deadly weapons, employed by European nations for destructive purposes. Among the beggars is a woman with a cancer in her breast. Swift satirizes him because he withdrew his support from the Harley Government. Eventually, we can imagine that Gulliver will recover and be his former unexciting, gullible self. In the first voyage to Lilliput, Swift satirizes on politics and political tactics practiced in England through Lilliputians, the dwarfs of six inches height.
The Travels that proper Victorians bought for the family library was Bowdler's version, not Swift's. Also vehicles of Swift's satire were the peculiar customs of the nation of Lilliput. From the many writers that used satire to condemn the actions of society, Jonathan Swift's, Gulliver's travels, stands as one of the best satirical work in human history. He is concerned with family and with his job, yet he is confronted by the pigmies that politics and political theorizing make of people. The Equus caballuss are so idealistic that Gulliver becomes ashamed of humanity. Generally, nevertheless, Gulliver 's Travels is a unique work of satire. Although whimsical in words, a satire is that genre in literature that strikes the hidden blatant chords and enlightens the readers with the truth.