How to determine an argument. CH 3 (Making Sense of Arguments) Flashcards 2019-01-28

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how to determine an argument

What do we know about the conclusion if an argument is valid and the premises are all true? Then his argument falls apart. A recurring debate in the discussion of human nature is whether humans are generally selfish or altruistic. Would you say that Mother Teresa devoted her entire life to the poor out of a guilty conscience? The more that you listen to them, the more that you'll understand their point of view. That is,if the premises are true, there's no way that the conclusion can be false -can have false premises and false conclusion, false premise and true conclusion, or true premise and true conclusion. Some issues may not be worth getting all worked up about.

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Creating an Effective Argument

how to determine an argument

Try to meet the person half way, even if it means that you have to make concessions on what you originally wanted. To give an argument is to provide a set of premises as reasons for accepting the conclusion. For the moment, middle-aged Mr Park would rather read a newspaper. An argument is effective and valid. That's what we're going to do in this lesson. What is a good argument? Now the technique used earlier this year to demonstrate the existence of the Europan ocean has been employed to detect an ocean on another Jovian satellite, Ganymede, according to work announced at the recent American Geo-physical Union meeting in San Francisco. Remember the two claims we mentioned in lesson 2, the and the? Presenting one sound argument to an audience is better than offering a series of weak arguments.

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How Do I Evaluate a Source for Credibility?

how to determine an argument

Criterion Two - Valid or Strong We don't need to say much more about Criterion Three than what we have already said. Does the author prove why the counterarguments are incorrect? Assuming that the premises are all true, then this is also a cogent argument. Just what you'd expect--you need to find other premises that support the one in question, and build an argument that proves it, and hopefully those premises will be common knowledge and acceptable. Smiling might make them think you aren't taking their feelings seriously. Or, to put it differently, it is impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false at the same time. Thus, the argument above is valid, because if all humans are mortal, and if all Greeks are human, it follows as a matter of logical necessity that all Greeks are mortal.


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Critical Thinking Worksite: Argument Identification

how to determine an argument

Are you still ready to talk? A non-deductive argument is one that is offered to provide probable support for its conclusions, but not conclusive. These are the required arguments. When you're alone, think about the conversation and determine what is making you angry in the first place. Yet there are many other examples of those who act out of genuine concern for others. Get into the habit of asking yourself if this is really worth getting upset about, or if it is something you should simply try to let go.


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CH 3 (Making Sense of Arguments) Flashcards

how to determine an argument

Yet, the premises say little more than what it is said in the premises. However, you might still have to make last minute amendments like we did earlier to come up with the correct answer. Watson was killed by a gun shot fired from within the house between 11:00 pm and midnight. This factor has already been reflected in the market. Please note that even if we say that example one above is a valid argument, that does not make it a good argument.

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What Is a Strong or Weak Argument?

how to determine an argument

Try giving the person a smile first. Is that something the government should worry about? This function requires two arguments: a cell reference to a range of numeric values and a rank number. For example, consider this argument: I am Adrian's best friend. Elements of an Argument The first step in analyzing an argument is to recognize its elements. Sometimes in an argument, people tend to meet anger with anger. A friend tries to convert you to his position about a current issue.

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How to Analyze an Argument's Effectiveness & Validity

how to determine an argument

Each inhalation and exhalation should last for a full second. The editor might support his reasons with facts about increases in parking fees over the years, facts about how parking fees are supposed to be used by the college, statistics comparing the college's fees to those of other schools, stories of students who have had to sell books or borrow extra money just to pay parking fees, examples of other schools that have successfully lowered fees, and the testimony of an 'inside' witness who claims that the college has applied money from parking fees to improve the science building rather than repair the parking lots. Once you have decided to let go of the issue, you may feel more calm about the situation. This classification correlates loosely with the terms valid and invalid for deductive arguments, except that with inductive arguments there is gray area; there is an in-between. A weak argument cannot be cogent, nor can a strong one with a false premise s. Use the About Us section to learn more about the publication and see who might be a typical audience member.

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CH 3 (Making Sense of Arguments) Flashcards

how to determine an argument

If all premises are true or backed up by good sub-arguments. Here is an example of an argument: If you want to find a good job, you should work hard. If you need to, excuse yourself to the bathroom or go out for a short walk so you can collect your thoughts before continuing the conversation. The assumption is that the audience and the author have the same bias and assumptions, but that is not always the case, especially when controversial topics are discussed. In order to formulate an effective argument, you need to find areas that you do agree, even though you might have lots of other areas where you disagree strongly. This argument is valid by virtue of its prepositional form.

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Critical Thinking Worksite: Argument Identification

how to determine an argument

Give them a chance to re-explain themselves. This criteria means that an argument is not good if the conclusion is nothing more than a restatement of the premises, or when the conclusion rests upon a highly dubious doubtful premise or premises. Heinrichs says that the ability to find logical fallacies is how you defend yourself from politicians, salespeople, diet books, doctors and even your own children. A deductive argument is one that is offered to provide logically conclusive support for its conclusion. In this argument, the person making the argument does not believe that the conclusion that it will rain follows necessarily from the premises. .

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Creating an Effective Argument

how to determine an argument

A person who presents an argument is trying to convince you of something. As before, you need to take care when evaluating appearances of these terms---not all appearances mark reasons. You can defuse an argument with jokes and laughter. Recognizing that you are entering a function, Excel activates a tooltip that shows you all the arguments for the function. But in logic and critical thinking, an argument is a list of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the others are the premises or assumptions of the argument.

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