We may well imagine that the conservation and transmission of knowledge was a matter of passionate concern for her. In Hypatia of Alexandria, Deakin does an excellent job of creating a complete picture of this remarkable mathematician for whom the historical records are scarce and incomplete. Around the same time, Hypatia was adopted by and her life and death began to be viewed in the light of the movement. Cyril, bishop of Alexandria, ordered her death. Ancient Greek society prized celibacy as a virtue, and as such men and women accepted and respected Hypatia in large part because she appeared to be almost sexless.
Given how little information this actually is, why write about Hypatia at all? This is a bad call, since Augustine was very much a Western, Latin-speaking Christian, while Alexandria was very much an Eastern, Greek-speaking city. Because of this, most scholars today recognize that Hypatia must have been among the leading mathematicians of her day. Instead, this book attempts to reconstruct the conditions of the time period she is thought to have lived and what we know of her work in mathematics and philosophy. Indeed, had they left Hypatia alone, her work and name would likely have been lost to history. There is no evidence that Katherine herself was a historical figure and she may well have been a composite drawn from memories of women persecuted for their faith. As with any review users should approach reviews critically and where deemed necessary should consult multiple review sources. Miscellaneous -- Notes -- Annotated bibliography -- Index.
She also established herself as a member of the Neoplatonic school of philosophy and would drape herself in the robes of the academic elite something that only men could do at the time, though this did not deter Hypatia in the least , head into the center of the city and tell anyone who would listen her thoughts about Plato. Despite its claimed biographical intentions, the book is almost entirely a work of fiction. As a female intellectual, Hypatia became a role model for modern intelligent women and two feminist journals were named after her: the Greek journal Hypatia: Feminist Studies was launched in Athens in 1984, and Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy was launched in the United States in 1986. The film tells the fictional story of Hypatia as she struggles to save the library from Christian zealots. Only volumes one through six of the Arithmetica have survived in the original Greek, but at least four additional volumes have been preserved in an Arabic translation produced around the year 860. Hypatia's work, attitudes and life-style -- ch.
Deakin does pretty well on the first count, less well on the others. And he ceased attending church as had been his custom. The intellectual background -- ch. But a bunch of you got it anyway, you sneaky rapscallions! A bit academic at Hypatia, a Greek mathematician and philosopher, she surpassed all her contemporaries. She is very frequently shown attending on the Virgin and Child, and is usually prominent in scenes of the , showing a group of virgin saints surrounding the Virgin and Child. In 414, Cyril closed all the in Alexandria, confiscated all the property belonging to the Jews, and.
Lewis Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2003 , p. The main church was built between 548 and 565, and the monastery became a major pilgrimage site for devotees of Catherine and the other and sacred sites there. In the event that there is still a problem, issue, or error with copyrighted material, the break of the copyright is unintentional and noncommercial, and the material will be removed immediately upon presented proof. By most accounts, she never married although she turned down many proposals , instead becoming headmaster at the contemporary equivalent of Yale. The film also portrays Cyril and his monks as swarthy, bearded men with clad in tattered black clothing, resembling media portrayals of the. The author Deakin also a mathematician describes the life and times of this virgin martyr, what's know of her contributions, and ends with translations of source materials. I can't say enough about the depth of this book.
Ammonius was immediately tortured and put to death — which raised ardent calls for his martyrdom from Cyril and his powerful followers. The earliest attestation for the cult of Saint Catherine comes from the eighth century, around three hundred years after Hypatia's death. A quote that aptly sums up who Hypatia was. The first person to deduce that the additional material in the Arabic manuscripts came from Hypatia was the nineteenth-century scholar. Saint Catherine's Monastery survives, and is a famous repository of , and that remains open to tourists and visiting scholars.
From there, Peter the Lector and his mob took action and Hypatia met her tragic end. In: Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum, Bd. Anyone looking for a compact and unromanticized approach to a difficult time in history will enjoy this book. Deakin supplies full detail on the historical, intellectual, and religious context of Hypatia's times. Wisdom Quarterly: American Buddhist Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.
The minute detail in which Synesius describes the instrument, however, indicates that he assumes she has never heard of the device, but trusts she will be able to replicate it based on a verbal description. Finally, in 2007 he published his book and I got to add another resource to my research shelf. In the Almagest, Ptolemy proposed a division problem for calculating the number of degrees swept out by the sun in a single day as it orbits the earth. The fact that she is one of the last active mathematicians in the Ancient Greek tradition makes her death in the hands of a mob an excellent symbol of the end of that tradition, particularly for those, from Gibbon onwards, who want to blame the rise of Christianity for the decline of Classical culture. But over all I think he assess' the sources well and also includes all primary sources as appendixes and A short read half the book is mathematical equations, though to Deakin's credit he does add them as appendixes so the book can be read as a whole without them i found his style of writing was very academic and sometimes to brief, given the shortness of the book partly due to the lack of information on Hypatia I think he could've expanded a little on the background information he gives. She was also a popular teacher and lecturer on philosophical topics of a less-specialist nature, attracting many loyal students and large audiences.