Added to that, one would have to naturally wonder how it was possible for a fire that large could burn 24 hours a day 7 days a week without damaging the structure and cracking and breaking the materials used to build the lighthouse. The door to this section of the building wasn't at the bottom of the structure, but part way up and reached by a 600 foot 183m long ramp supported by massive arches. The originals were put into the Library, and the copies were delivered to the previous owners. The tower was 115 feet tall. The bottommost section was square and held government offices and stables. The Heptastadion was a solid granite wall that extended the length of seven stadiums and connected the city with Pharos Island. The Lighthouse stood for nearly 1,500 years until it was badly damaged in a series of natural disasters.
The Indian Ocean in World History. At its peak, the Royal Library is believed to have held about half of a million books and was initially organized by Demetrius Phalereus. It is possible to go diving and see the ruins. It is being said that light beam reflected from the mirror could be seen from as far as 35 miles out into the sea. Frost noted that such evidence would be multiplied a hundred-fold through a large-scale complete survey. Around this time, the Mamaluk sultan of Egypt built a fortress and castle there, using the marble base of the fallen Pharos for walls. Because the cubit measurement varied from place to place, this could mean that the Pharos stood anywhere from 450 to 600 feet in height, although the lower figure is more likely.
A fanciful 16th-century interpretation of the Pharos by Martin Heemskerck The Pharos' walls were strengthened in order to withstand the pounding of the waves through the use of molten lead to hold its masonry together, and possibly as a result the building survived the longest of the Seven Wonders—with the sole exception of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Some historians have found records indicating that food was sold on the upper level, which also contained a small balcony that looked out to sea. Under Ptolemy the city became rich and prosperous. The city remained an important trading port until a series of eartquakes and tidal waves pushed the city into decline. Working beneath the surface, they searched the bottom of the sea for artifacts.
It is believe that somewhere on the inside of the lighthouse there was a spiral walkway that gave easy access for people and more importantly animals to pass and walk up to bring fuel it is believed to have been wood to keep the light at the very top blazing strong. Explanation: On one of the facades of the first floor there was a great text its letters were made of lead. During this period, we have considerable records regarding the structure's life. Our Mission: To solve meaningful problems through innovation by bringing together people, knowledge and opportunities. Thus, the activities which were conducted from both sides of the city were the main source of its immense treasure and income. The Lighthouse at Alexandria was approximately 450 feet tall. The third section was an eight-sided structure measuring roughly 27 m 90 ft high.
It survived several Egyptian regime changes and conflicts, including the one that led to the destruction of the Library of Alexandria. The harbors of the Hellenistic age were usually of vast size and integrated plan. Featured image: The Pharos of Alexandria by Fischer von Erlach 1656 - 1723. Known colloquially under various names—the Pharos of Abuqir, the Abuqir funerary monument and Burg al-Arab Arab's Tower —it consists of a 3-story tower, approximately 20 metres 66 ft in height, with a square base, a hexagonal midsection and cylindrical upper section, like the building upon which it was apparently modeled. In 2004 a Polish-Egyptian team claimed to have discovered a part of the library while excavating in the Bruchion region. Food was sold to visitors at the observation platform at the top of the first level.
But he abandoned her after some years and rejoined Cleopatra in Egypt, where he lived a luxurious and pleasure-loving life. Soon, Alexandria became one of the most important cities of the ancient world, known far and wide for its famous library. Photo source: Wikimedia By References Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2014. It was built by the ancient Egyptians. There is also an unlikely tale that part of the lighthouse was demolished through trickery. The Pharos outlived the dynasty that commissioned its construction. Another story relates that this mirror was also used to view an image of the city Constantinople from one side of the ocean to the other so that it would be easy to see what was happening there.
But this would not materialize until 1994. Today, some pieces of the Lighthouse of Alexandria are in Fort Qaitbey, built on the site of the former wonder. Other: Said to be the only ancient wonder with a practical application. It was Soter who commissioned the construction of the lighthouse as a symbol for the city and also as a guidance for merchant ships. Ancient Construction: From Tents to Towers. As one could imagine, the lighthouse was not the only thing that was so impressive about the Pharos Island lighthouse but even the architecture that went into things like the wall which was made of pure granite and was the length of at least 7 ancient stadiums and was directly attached to the lighthouse structure.
In some descriptions, it is recorded that a huge statue, representing either Alexander the Great or Ptolemy I in the form of the Sun God, Helios, stood on the top of the lighthouse. Mostly 700mm to 1000mm deep foundations are acceptable as long ground has suitable bearing capacity. Further, pieces often lie on top of one another in the sea water. It contained the compiled history of generations, not just of Egypt. Despite this drastic change and others that would follow, the lighthouse continued to stand and be used for centuries. It was linked to the mainland by a man-made connection named the Heptastadion, which thus formed one side of the city's harbor. Alexander the Great The story of the Pharos starts with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.