The National Labor Relation Board was an administrative board that gave laborers the rights of self-organization and collective bargaining. Basic Guide to the National Labor Relations Act. Term National Labor Relations Act 1935 Definition aka Wagner Act. Create your own flash cards! Term Medicare 1965 Definition Health care for elderly. Because these disturbances impede the flow of interstate commerce, Congress may take steps to continue the free flow of commerce by encouraging and unionizing. Warren Madden, an American lawyer, judge and civil servant. Wagner, a Democrat who was an avowed proponent of organized labor.
Strikes often dissolved into violent confrontations. New York: Da Capo Press, 1985, 275. New York: Viking Press, 1999, 266. This law established collective bargaining rights for workers and prohibited such unfair labor practices as intimidating workers, attempting to keep workers from organizing unions, and firing union members. The figures didn't add up and offered little to promote economic recovery. Reversing years of federal opposition to organized labor, the statute guaranteed the right of employees to organize, form unions, and bargain collectively with their employers. Wagner introduced the legislation, hence the name of the Wagner Act.
New York Senator Robert F. John Lewis, the head of the leading organization of miners, the United Mine Workers, told followers, 'the President wants you to join a union. One of the important events during his presidency was the Wagner Act. In an effort to resolve the growing labor crisis, a National Labor Relations Board was established in 1934, but it was administratively weak and had little enforcement power. Though the provisions of the Wagner Act were diminished in 1947, it remains one of the most significant labor laws in U. Alternative Title: Labor—Management Relations Act Taft—Hartley Act, formally Labor—Management Relations Act, 1947 , in U. Another significant aspect of the Wagner Act included a provision promoting unionization.
By assuring the employees the right of collective bargaining it fosters the development of the employment contract on a sound and equitable basis. The Great Depression ravaged the economy. Total Compensation Benefit packages and wage scales fall under union contracts made possible by the Wagner Act. Some of these changes were later achieved in the 1947 amendments. More recent unsuccessful efforts included attempts in 1978 to permit triple backpay awards and union collective bargaining certification based on signed union authorization cards, a provision that is similar to one of the proposed amendments in the.
Under section 19 , people who have religious convictions against joining a trade union are entitled to not associate or financially support it. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus so as to effectively raise the value of crops, thereby giving farmers relative stability again. The General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board give legal advice. Term The Marx Brothers: Definition produced plot less masterpieces of irreverent satire. The Wagner Bill proposed to create a new independent agency—the National Labor Relations Board, made up of three members appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate-to enforce employee rights rather than to mediate disputes. Was a relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.
In addition to requiring employers to bargain col lectively with the union duly selected by the employees, the act set up procedures for establishing appropriate bargaining units homoge neous groups of employees where employees can elect a bargaining agent a representative for labor negotiations by a secret ballot. Long that appealed to desperate lower middle class Americans during the Great Depression. Truman—amending much of the pro-union of 1935. A the National Recovery Act B the Social Security Act C the National Labor Relations Act D the Work Progress Act 2. Roosevelt 155134250 Brain Trust Many of the advisers who helped Roosevelt during his presidential candidacy continued to aid him after he entered the White House. It provided, for the first time, federal support for unions. By preventing practices which tend to destroy the independence of labor, it seeks, for every worker within its scope, that freedom of choice and action which is justly his.
This includes , mutual aid or protection, self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively for wages and working conditions through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in other protected concerted activities with or without a union. Laws and others that followed that expanded the federal governemnts role in the nations economy 155134256 Share the Wealth a program advocated by Louisiana Senator Huey P. The Situation of Labor leading up to the Wagner Act From the 1920s onward, labor unions in America had a rough time. Specific rules in support of collective bargaining are as follows. The administrative style was to create new agencies. Casting Her Own Shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Shaping of Postwar Liberalism. Employees and unions may act themselves in support of their rights, however because of and the costs of litigation, the National Labor Relations Board is designed to assist and bear some of the costs.
By providing an orderly procedure for determining who is entitled to represent the employees, it aims to remove one of the chief causes of wasteful economic strife. Term Roosevelt's court-packing scheme became unnecessary when: Definition the Supreme Court began reversing previous judgments and upholding the New Deal. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Under section 12 it is an offense for people to unduly interfere with the Board's conduct. The act states that unequal bargaining power between employees and employers leads to economic instability, whereas the refusal of employers to recognize the right to bargain collectively leads to strikes. The United Mine Workers, for example, experienced a membership jump from 150,000 to half a million within one year.