Background Research Throughout history, children have always worked, either as apprentices or servants. However, during the Industrial Revolution, no such laws existed and as a result, industrial workers barely made enough to cover their cost of living. It was the advent of faster means of production, growing wealth for the Nation and a surplus of new jobs for thousands of people living in poverty. Working Class Families and The Role of Women The Industrial Revolution completely transformed the role of the family. This led to the beginning of suburbs, or socially segregated neighborhoods. They received religious instruction, had a curfew, and received various forms of training and education.
Children sometimes worked up to 19 hours a day, with a one-hour total break. The Health and Morals of Apprentices Act of 1802 was important because it paved the way for future child labor reform. The government should also consider passing a law that creates a five-day work week, instead of six. But, when those outdoor stairs buckled from heat and the weight of so many people, up to 58 more employees jumped to their deaths on the sidewalk below, their dresses and hair on fire, while thousands of horrified New Yorkers looked on. The increase in cotton production increased the need for child laborers. Faraday in less developed countries. As a result, the new factory owners could set the terms of work because there were far more unskilled laborers, who had few skills and would take any job, than there were jobs for them.
Because of this, families fled from their rural farms to industrialized cities in search of work. Almost all of the remaining unlocked doors opened inward, and in the panic, the employees were crushed against the doors, making it impossible to open them. As a result, this meant that the government did little to protect workers from being exploited by the wealthy entrepreneurs of the time. As work was often scarce in the country, rural children tended to start work later — typically at 10 and a half years old. While the earliest textile factories might have been filled with skilled weavers operating power looms, manufacturing in the Second Industrial Revolution was done increasingly by the machines themselves, with unskilled workers simply pulling a lever or turning a valve.
Also, factories were recently introduced and this created new job openings and opportunities. The middle class, skilled workers, managers, clerks, accountants, and others, had the money they needed to survive, and had money left over for other leisure goods. Child Labor A lot of factories used child labor in unsafe conditions. And, children did not try to join workers unions or go on strike. Industries were only interested in profit so workers were generally underpaid, worked long hours… 1298 Words 6 Pages Industrial Revolution in Europe Before the industrial revolution, Europe was mostly dominated by farmers but as the industrial revolution progressed this changed dramatically. The industry was moving so fast with advancements, the population could barely keep up with the work. Also, compulsory high school education was expanding throughout the nation, and truant officers would target the worst-offending factories to round up kids and send them to school although their parents encouraged them to sneak away at the first chance and get back to earning a living.
There were two types of child laborers; free labor children and parish apprentice children. However, by 1821 there were 66 mills in Manchester , England. Each worker may perform operations taking less than a minute, often with little knowledge of the significance of the task to the total operation. This massive abuse of children raised awareness because of the Industrial Revolution; many people understood that using children as workers was unethical and decided to ban in throughout most of the world. In 1790, there were only two mills in Manchester , England. The Industrial Revolution was a major factor involving child labor.
For the workers during the second industrial revolution economic insecurity became a basic way of life as the depressions of the 1870s and the 1890s put millions out of work or reduced pay. Del Sol Del Sol to learn about the millions of children working as laborers today in countries around the world. Agriculture remains the highest employers of child labor. Since population was increasing in Great Britain at the same time that landowners were enclosing common village lands, people from the countryside flocked to the towns and the new factories to get work. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Thompson argues that they did not.
The factory per se wasn't new to the Second Industrial Revolution lasting roughly from the end of the Civil War through the beginning of World War I , but innovations in technology, materials and management had transformed industry from small operations in which the owner was also the manager of a few dozen employees into massive enterprises through which hundreds - or even thousands - of nameless workers passed, supervised by layers of uncaring bureaucracy. Perhaps the most important part of this act was the part that said the government would appoint officials to make sure the act was carried out and complied with. As a result, they often struggled to cover their cost of living and had to also endure difficult living conditions. Did the new factory life change for the better the roles of family members, including women and children? By the end of Victoria's reign, almost all children were in school up to the age of 12. A brave elevator operator made four trips to rescue workers before the elevator broke down.
Since the Industrial Revolution was so new at the end of the 18th century, there were initially no laws to regulate new industries. Today, the government keeps a close eye on businesses to make sure that workers are safe. Cotton production increased about 1. Music halls sprouted up in big cities. This was bad for the British people because instead of paying their worker, a mill owner could hire an orphan in your place for free because the housing and food cost less for a mill owner. Many workers had to work 12 hour days, six days a week.